The history of the saxophone started probably in 1841 , when he prepared an exhibition of instruments in Brussels package they'd been kicked in unexplained circumstances. Bent and destroyed the instrument does not fit naturally into the presentation. Judging by the descriptions of the package include a new , recently constructed instrument - the saxophone. The first mention of saxophone , by Hector Berlioz , released June 12, 1842 , the Parisian Journal des Debats and this date was accepted for metric creation of the saxophone , although this instrument had its public premiere on Feb. 3, 1844 r . And patented was only 28 June 1846 . Saxophone ( Le Saxophon ) , named after its inventor , was an instrument of the woodwind group . It has nineteen flaps , making it similar to the instrument ophicleide .